The Kinks were an English rock band formed in Muswell Hill, north London, in 1963 by brothers Ray and Dave Davies. They are regarded as one of the most influential rock bands of the 1960s. The band emerged during the height of British rhythm and blues and Merseybeat, and were briefly part of the British Invasion of the United States until their touring ban in 1965. Their third single, the Ray Davies-penned “You Really Got Me”, became an international hit, topping the charts in the United Kingdom and reaching the Top 10 in the United States.
The Kinks’ music drew from a wide range of influences, including American R&B and rock and roll initially, and later adopting British music hall, folk, and country. The band gained a reputation for reflecting English culture and lifestyle, fueled by Ray Davies’ wittily observational writing style.
Released on October 2, 1964 (Friday), the following was also happening in the world.
- All 80 people on board a Union de Transports Aériens flight were killed when the plane crashed into a mountain peak after taking off from Palma on the island of Majorca. The DC-6 had made several stops en route from Paris to Nouakchott in Mauritania, and departed from Palma at 4:14 a.m. and made its last contact with the Barcelona control tower at 5:10, giving no indication of trouble. Early accounts erroneously reported that the plane had fallen into the Mediterranean, roughly 45 miles (72 km) from Cartagena and the error would be repeated in reference books, including one account that “Although the crash area was searched by Spanish, French, British and Italian ships, neither survivors nor even wreckage of the doomed plane was ever discovered.” The day after its disappearance, however, the missing French plane was located on the side of Mount Alcazaba, where it had impacted at 8,200 feet (2,500 m) on the 11,000 foot (3,400 m) mountain.
- A Communist Chinese musical, The East Is Red, was performed for the first time on a stage in Beijing and would gain widespread circulation the following year as a government-approved film about the Communist Revolution. People’s Daily would report the next day that the musical, using “our people’s favorite form of expression— singing and dancing— vividly portrayed the Chinese people, under the leadership of the Chinese Communists and Chairman Mao, engaged in their glorious journey of revolutionary battle and development.”
- The Kinks, created by English brothers Ray Davies and Dave Davies, released their first album. The self-titled album, Kinks, included their first hit song, “You Really Got Me“.
- An American tourist in Paris was killed by a French woman who was committing suicide while both were visiting the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris. Veronica McConnell, a 24 year old hospital technician, was fatally injured when 37-year old Denise Rey-Herne climbed over the balustrade of the 160 foot high north tower and jumped, killing both of them.
- Life magazine photographer James Cobb Burke was killed in the eastern Himalayan mountains, when he fell 800 feet while taking pictures for an assignment.
- Forty-five residents in an apartment building in Cairo were killed when the four-story dwelling collapsed without warning. The dead were residents of the slums of the capital city’s Deir el Malak district.